The New Wave was born from the revival of rock creativity in 1978-1979 and from the new vogue for synthesizers and rhythm machines that became accessible to young musicians; the post-punk generation having digested the influence of major innovative artists such as David Bowie, Brian Eno and Kraftwerk.
The new wave in British English; literally "new wave" (which takes its name from the New Wave of French cinema in the 1950s) is a musical genre bringing together several styles of pop / rock music appeared from the late 1970s to the mid-1980s, with electronic sounds and punk rock.
New wave sound represented a different direction in the late 1970s than blues and rock 'n' roll music in the late 1960s and rock music in the mid-1970s. According to music critic Simon Reynolds, New wave musicians often played the rough, rhythmic guitar at a fast tempo.
Keyboards started or stopped the structure and melody of the songs. Reynolds notes that the new wave songs sounded high, geeky, and suburban. Nerdy nervousness was a hallmark of fans and groups like Talking Heads, Devo and Elvis Costello. It included a form of robotic dance, high-pitched nervous voices, costumes and big glasses.
The majority of American new wave groups in the late 1970s were made up of middle-class whites, and intentionally criticized their "whiteness" in a cheesy manner. The pub rock scene in the mid-1970s consisted of many new wave groups such as Ian Dury, Nick Lowe, Eddie and the Hot Rods and Dr. Feelgood.
In Germany, it's Neue deutsche Welle (“new German wave”, or NDW. The new German wave has been particularly productive, with groups like Alphaville, DAF, Der Plan, Andreas Dorau, Spider Murphy Gang and the label Ata Tak, Palais Schaumburg, Die Tanzdiele, Grauzone, Xmal Deutschland Der Der, worthy heirs of Kraftwerk, stands out for its dreamlike and even surreal side in its first era, the use of crazy synthesizers (Moog and analog), heavy-sounding rhythm machines, vocoder effects on voices.
At the same time, in Belgium and France a new wave scene is developing with all the trends that will derive from it (cf. Belgian rock, industrial music, the electro pop scene from Rennes represented by Étienne Daho). The French Niagara, Taxi Girl, Indochine, Trisomie 21 and Belgian groups like Telex, TC Matic, Aroma di Amore, Front 242, Twee Belgen, Minimal Compact, The Neon Judgment are making themselves known through independent labels including Play it again, Sat!.
Their music was strongly relayed in the 1980s by the mythical club of Manchester (United Kingdom), the Hacienda, the various concert halls of all Europe, like that of the Ancienne Belgique in Brussels, for example, as well than in the famous Belgian night clubs, like the one of the same name in Antwerp, the Chapel in Liège, the Boccacio, the Skyline which will then orient their musical programming towards acid house and new beat then techno in the 1990s